Knowledge and Practice of Diabetic Patients Attending Diabetic Clinic

about Oral Health and Foot Care – Albyda, 2017

                   Azza SH Greiw, Halima A Ayyad

ABSTRACT

Background: According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), more than 34.6 million people in the Middle East and North Africa Regions have diabetes. In Libya 2009 the stepwise survey revealed that prevalence of diabetes was 16.4%. It is well-established that diabetes increases the prevalence, severity, and progression of oral diseases as well as foot ulcers. The role of health professional is crucial in improving the knowledge and practices regarding oral health and foot care. Knowledge and awareness of Jordanian and Emirates’ diabetics were low about oral health.

Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine diabetic cases’ level of awareness about foot and oral health care.

Subjects and methods: All diabetic cases attended AL-Bayda diabetic clinic, during the year 2017 were included in the study. Cross section study design was applied using a structured questionnaire which included data related to personal characteristics and assessment of KAP of participants.

Results: The age of the diabetic cases ranged from 20-60 years. Nearly 59% were females and 41 % were males. The mean duration of DM was 13.19± 7.92 years. Knowledge of participants about oral complications was low compared to systemic complications. Less than half of diabetic cases brushed their teeth, and only eighteen percent used tooth floss. Only two percent of diabetics received their knowledge about diabetes from dentists.

Recommendation: It is essential that all health professional including dentists play an important role in educating diabetics about diabetes and related complications.

Keywords: diabetic cases, oral health care, periodontal diseases, foot care, diabetes complications.